Collection of Scenarios > Regional

European  CLEVER Scenario, June 2023
100 % Renewable Energy with Energy Efficiency and Sufficiency/ Sustainable LifeStyle Pathways for EU27 or EU27 and Norway, Switzerland and UK and each individual country, highlighting the evolution over time of several key indicators such as GHG emissions, renewable energy shares and energy consumption.
See more at and publications at
CLEVER final report:
Executive Summary:

"Energy Roadmap 2050", Europe, December 2012/2011
The EU is committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions to 80-95% below 1990 levels by 2050 in the context of necessary reductions by developed countries as a group. In the Energy Roadmap 2050 the Commission explores the challenges posed by delivering the EU's decarbonisation objective while at the same time ensuring security of energy supply and competitiveness. The Energy Roadmap 2050 is the basis for developing a long-term European framework together with all stakeholders.
Download the reports from:
Direct links to the Energy Roadmap (pdf file, 22 pp.):
Energy Roadmap Impact Assessment (pdf file, 192 pp.): 

"Roadmap for Moving to a Low-carbon Economy in 2050
March 2011
With this Report the European Commission is looking beyond the 2020 objectives and setting out a plan to meet the long-term target of reducing domestic emissions by 80 to 95% by mid-century as agreed by European Heads of State and governments. The Report shows how the sectors responsible for Europe's emissions - power generation, industry, transport, buildings and construction, as well as agriculture - can make the transition to a low-carbon economy over the coming decades.
Download the report as  pdf file (175 kB, 16 pp.) at:

"RE-thinking 2050 - A 100% Renewable Energy Vision for the European Union", EREC - European Renewable Energy Council, April 2010
RE-thinking 2050 presents a pathway towards a 100% renewable energy system for the EU, examining the effects on Europe’s energy supply system and on CO2 emissions, while at the same time portraying the economic, environmental and social benefits of such a system. Moreover, the report provides policy recommendations for what is needed to fully exploit the EU’s vast renewable energy potential.
Full Final Report (7.6 MB, 76 pp.) original link is not available. Dowbload is available from:

 "EU-27 100% Sustainable Energy by 2040", INFORSE-Europe, 2011 Update
Phase out of Fossil and Nuclear Energy Until 2040 by Gunnar Boye Olesen, INFORSE-Europe, International Network for Sustainable Energy - Europe.
Read the Scenario at INFORSE-Europe's web site at and

INFORSE "EU-25 100% Sustainable Energy by 2050", INFORSE-Europe, 2004
by Gunnar Boye Olesen, INFORSE-Europe.
Download from:
Press Release: 

"Europe’s Share of the Climate Challenge - Domestic Actions and International Obligations to protect the Planet", Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI), 2009
The report analyzes how Europe can embark on a domestic transition to a low GHG future - enabling it to achieve GHG emissions reductions of 40% by 2020 and close to 90% by 2050 relative to 1990 levels through a combination of radical improvements in energy efficiency, the accelerated retirement of fossil fuels and a dramatic shift toward various types of renewable energy forms. The report also assesses Europe’s international obligations for assisting the world’s developing nations make a transition to a low-GHG future by using the Greenhouse Development Rights (GDRs) framework as a basis for assessing fair contributions to a global climate effort. It was developed in partnership with Friends of the Earth Europe (FoEE).
Download the report as  pdf file (2 MB, 68 pp.) at SEI's web site at 

"The Vision Scenario for the European Union", Öko-Institut, Greens/EFA Group in the European Parliament Berlin, 2017 update for EU-28, 2010 update for EU-27, 2006
Download pdf file from Greens-EFA's web site pdf files from
2017 Update for EU-28 direct link:
2010 final report in English direct link:
2010 summary in German direct link:

"European Energy and Transport: Trends to 2030", European Commission - Directorate-General for Energy and Transport, 2003
Update 2007, April 2008.
Download the 2003 version from the EC DG TREN's web site at
Download the 2007 update   pdf file (3.3 MB, 156 pp.) or 
pdf file (5.9 MB, 158 pp.) on EC DG TREN's web site: energy_transport_trends_2030_update_2007_en.pdf

"EU Energy [R]evolution - a Sustainable EU27 Energy Outlook", Greenpeace, 2010
"EU Energy Revolution - A Sustainable Pathway to a Clean Energy Future for Europe, Greenpeace, 2005
Download 2010 Report  (3.9 MB, 68 pp.) from
and 2005 Report   (1.7 MB, 32 pp.) from

ERENE - European Community for Renewable Energy, 2008. 
A feasibility study by Michaele Schreyer and Lutz Mez in collaboration with David Jacobs, Commissioned and published by the Heinrich Böll Foundation. (pdf file 1.7 MB, 98 pp.)
Direct Link

"A Viable Energy Strategy for the Nordic Countries 2006-2030", 2006 
The Nordic Energy Scenario by Greenpeace Nordic demonstrates that CO2-emissions can be reduced 67% in 2030 (compared to 1990) in parallel with nuclear power phase-out in Sweden and Finland til 2025.
Download Report in Danish  pdf file (1.0 MB, 20 pp.) from web site of NOAH (FOE Denmark): 
Download the report in English  pdf file (1.4 MB, 42 pp.) from Greenpeace' Denmark web site:  (Link is not available any more. For archive copy contact Greenpeace Denmark or ENCI-Lowcarb,) 


The  project is ended in 2012,
but the collection of scenarios
is continued being updated.

Check out the New European
CLEVER Scenario, June 2023:

Regional Scenarios

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 Project's News in 2009-12:

March 15, 2012
Paris, France
Final Conference

• Newsletter No.9, March 2012March, 2012
Newsletter # 9